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Development of the EU - Continued


In 2000 The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union was proclaimed; meanwhile Denmark voted against joining the single currency.


​The Treaty of Nice (2001) produced further reforms to allow more efficient administration and facilitate further enlargement towards Eastern Europe.


In 2004 Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovak Republic and Slovenia join the EU, bringing the total number of member states to 25.


Treaty of Rome (2004)  signed by the Heads of State and Government, together with EU Foreign Ministers establishing a Constitution for Europe.


In 2005 the ratification of the Treaty of Rome (EU Constitution) was rejected in referendums by the Dutch and French voters.


In 2007 Bulgaria and Romania join the EU, bringing the total members to 27 nation states.​


The Lisbon Treaty (2007) establishing a Constitution for Europe by deception was signed by all 27 member states.


In 2013 Croatia joined the EU 

The Lisbon Treaty (2007) was an outrageous power grab to make the EU into a European Empire with supremacy over all member states and to be more able to push its weight around on the world stage, as a separate entity to any individual member state;  without any mandate to consider the best interests of any member state. We have seen from the Minsk meeting between Mrs Merkel, Mr Hollande and Mr Putin over the Ukraine fighting recently, that the EU is really just the two original nations, who have previously been some of the biggest troublemakers in Europe, Germany and France, who are really in charge.


Having had the Constitution for Europe Rejected by the Dutch and French the EU the Heads of State and Government plus the EU Foreign Ministers revamped it and presented it as a reform treaty, so that they could claim that it would not need to be ratified; since it was not a constitutional document - except that it was exactly that - A  Constitution for The European Union in disguise.


The comments made by some of those involved at the time are very revealing:


"Public opinion will be led to adopt, without knowing it, the proposals that we dare not present to them directly ... All the earlier 

proposals will be in the new text, but will be hidden and disguised in some way." - Former French President V.Giscard D'Estaing, Le Monde, 14 June 2007.


​"The substance of the constitution is preserved. That is a fact." Angela Merkel German Chancellor,speech to the European Parliament, 27th June 2007

"The good thing about not calling it a Constitution is that no one can ask for a referendum on it." Giuliano Amato former Italian 

Prime Minister and Vice Chairman of the Convention which drew up the Constitution, speech to the London School of Economics 20th 

February 2007


"Sometimes I like to compare the EU as a creation to the organisation of empire. We have the dimension of empire." José Manuel Barroso, 
President of the European, Commission, EU observer, 10 July 2007

"In terms of content, the proposals remain largely unchanged, they are simply presented in a different way....The reason is that 

the new text could not look too much like the constitutional treaty." Valéry Giscard d'Estaing former French President and 

Chairman of the Convention which drew up the EU Constitution, addressing the Constitutional Affairs Committee in the European Parliament, 17th July 2007


"As for the changes now proposed to be made to the constitutional treaty, most are presentational changes that have no practical effect. They have simply been designed to enable certain heads of government to sell to their people the idea of ratification by parliamentary action rather than by referendum." — Dr Garret FitzGerald, former Irish Taoiseach, 123​


Not forgetting Gordon Brown's contribution 

"If we needed a referendum we would have one. But I think most people recognise that there is not a fundamental change taking place as a result of this amended treaty." Gordon Brown The UK Prime Minister, interviewed by the BBC, 24th September 2007​