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16th August, 2017
Trade - The EU's Route to Power
Let's be clear about one thing - power is the only objective of the EU, everything else is secondary, in its pursuit for power - over Europe, everything west of the Urals, through the Middle East and Africa - in the first instance - so trade is not its primary concern. With power - that is to say ECJ control over the legal systems of its members states, and EU bankers in control the money supply to all the member states - everything of importance follows naturally, and Britain must break that link with the EU or forever be a mere pawn in the EU's "bigger" picture.
Unless we understand this completely and deal with it decisively, we will be sucked into a maelstrom of the EU's making, with no way out - the suggestion that we should have a Customs Union "transition" period or whatever else it is called, rather than a clean break - or without restrictions of our choosing (e.g. work permits and benefits exclusion) - on the 29th March, 2019 would be a nonsense, and designed to keep the EU in control until a new UK election takes place, which the EU plans to subvert through its infiltrators and acolytes in the UK establishment - just as it is now subverting the EU Referendum result. At the very least, after the 29th March 2019, any arrangement that allows unrestricted free movement of people must end, and ECJ jurisdiction must end.
When we were signed up to the EEC by Ted Heath's government we were also signed up to the Treaty of Rome (1957) and all its terms and conditions - we were signed up to rule by the ECJ and control of all aspects of our lives from Brussels through Rules, Regulations, Directives and Protocols related, primarily to trade - and Heath threw in our fisheries for good measure - as a little bribe which would allow every country in the EEC to exploit our fishing grounds. The European Communities Act (1972) signed Britain up to the EEC in perpetuity, there was no escape clause, no Article 50 or similar.
As far as the British people were concerned we were still a sovereign country and our joining the EEC was simply a trading relationship between sovereign nations with a common interest. In 1975 the Wilson government organised a referendum on Britain in the EEC and stated categorically that Britain was a sovereign country and that had not changed by being the the EEC - as a result the Britain voted to remain in the EU.
Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) and Common Fisheries Policy (CFP)
The EEC developed as a small protectionist bloc, organised around the maintenance of agricultural prices with the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) mostly for the benefit of the French - Nationally France benefits most, with about 17% of CAP payments, followed by Spain (13%), then Germany (12%), Italy (10.6%) and the UK (7%). - this policy led to the development of "Wine Lakes", "Milk Lakes", "Butter Mountains" and "Grain Mountains", and cost 71% (1984) reducing to 39% of the EEC annual budget (2013) in subsidies - most of which was paid directly to farmers, and was designed to keep food prices high and food production stable - but in reality is simply encouraged over production and waste.
During the creation of a Common Market, France had insisted on a system of agricultural subsidies as its price for agreeing to free trade in industrial goods. "The Community also taxed imports and, from the 1970s onward, subsidised agricultural exports. These policies have been damaging for foreign farmers, and made Europe's food prices some of the highest in the world." Major beneficiaries of CAP include rich landowners such as the British royal family and European aristocrats with big inherited estates, according to farmsubsidy.org, a group campaigning for EU transparency. (BBC: Reform of EU farm policy, 1st July, 2013 - The European Union is negotiating a major reform of its Common Agricultural Policy.)
Export subsidies and EU food stocks were stopped in 2007, and in 2008 the Commission tried to scrap these payments, but was blocked by France and Germany. In 2009 the EU reintroduced dairy subsidies and also agreed to begin new export subsidies for European butter, milk powder and butteroil. (The European Union's notorious butter mountains and milk lakes are to return after a controversial decision to reintroduce dairy subsidies.By Bruno Waterfield in Brussels 22 Jan 2009)
The UK receives relatively little money from the CAP, because of its smaller agricultural sector. As a result, in 1984, Margaret Thatcher secured a substantial rebate for the UK on its EU budget contributions.
In 2017 the European Commission launched a consultation process on the CAP after 2020: Modernisation and simplification
Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) (Article 38 of the 1957 Treaty of Rome)
"The basic principle of the earliest common agreement on fisheries policy, reached in 1970, was that community fishermen should have equal access to member states' water sources. As a natural and mobile resource, fish were deemed to be the common property of all EU member states. In 1976, in line with international agreements, exclusive fishing grounds were extended from 12 to 200 miles around the EU's coast, and it was also decided that the Community was best placed to manage access to fisheries. Seven years of negotiations followed before the CFP was eventually agreed." (politics.co.uk)
Issues with the CFP include:-
UK fishermen and their communities were some of the first to discover that the sovereignty of the UK had been given away to the EU. This related to a case under the Merchant Shipping Act 1988 part II - in which 95 Spanish vessels lost their UK fishing licences (Spain had the largest fishing fleet in Europe at the time) on the basis that non-UK nationals could not own UK vessels.
This was known as the Factortame dispute - Factortame Limited was a Spanish owned company which was allowed, under the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894 (MSA) to re-register their previously, Spanish registered vessels, as British fishing vessels - they also acquired 42 existing British fishing vessels - most of the vessels fished in British waters and landed their catches in Spain, but those catches counted towards the UK fishing Quota - in other words they were "Quota Hopping"
The Spanish owners of Factortame Ltd., took the case to the Divisional Court and it was referred to the High Court and then to the House of Lords in 1989 - The Lords confirmed the Supremacy of EU Law over the national law (MSA 1894) who ruled that damages could be awarded against a member state for losses suffered by private parties under the "Doctrine of State liability." (Wikipedia - R (Factortame Ltd) v Secretary of State for Transport)
So by at least 1989 it was clear to the British fishermen and the British judiciary, though it must have been well known to Parliament and the greater establishment, that the UK was under control of the EEC, although the High Court and the House of Lords did have to refer the case to the ECJ for clarification, in this case - and the ECJ confirmed the incompatibility of the MSA (1984) with EEC law - and ruled against the UK.
This dispute and legal case should have been made into a film.
The matter of legal supremacy arises again in the public's sphere with the Metric Martyrs in the early 2000's, after merchant Steve Thorburn, in 2001, was convicted of two offences under the Weights and Measures Act (1985) for using scales which were banned, since they could not display both Imperial and Metric measurements. Thorburn was given a conditional discharge and fined - the fine was challenged, but was upheld. Again the British courts were seen by the British public to be subservient to the ECJ - in the manner of a country under "occupation" by a foreign power.
Under which system a national of a member state cannot be protected by the member state's own courts - even if complying with UK law - against action by nationals of a foreign power - the EU.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) was set-up in the Treaty of Rome (1957), along with Common Transport Policy (CTP) - Channel Tunnel and HS2 - European Social Fund (ESF) and the European Commission (EC) - a Customs Union was established and a single market for goods, Labour, services and capital was proposed.
Single Market and Customs Union
Inside the bloc, tariff free trade developed under the rules set-out in Brussels, though many countries (apart from Britain) often broke the rules for their own people. Outside the bloc the cheaper products were charged with higher tariffs in order to keep them out. This led to the Single Market and the Customs Union, which has continued to develop with ever increasing Regulations and Directives - extending beyond trade and into the other areas such Capital, Services and Labour, as integration continues apace.
With the advent of the Maastricht Treaty (1992) and the Lisbon Treaty (2007), the main emphasis on development has passed to the integration of Defence, Justice and Fiscal arrangements - all controlled from Brussels (Berlin)
The EEC(EC(EU)) has come a long way since 1957 when it started to entangle the European nation states within a framework of trade that would ultimately lead to their demise as independent functioning societies - only in 2004, when the EC tried to impose a Common Constitution on its member states did they really become exposed to the true intentions of the EEC - but even after that they seem to have blindly "walked" into accepting it - via the Lisbon Treaty (2007).
The British seem to be the only group who are not happy to be overrun by an overarching bureaucratic nightmare, pretending to be a trading block and masquerading as a champion of peace, when in reality they are little more than a petty Dictatorship with aspirations above their abilities - living in the past, whilst dreaming of being a new European superpower - a money worshiping, nationalistic monstrosity without a soul, that "punishes" member states that do not follow, or wish to be part of, the cult of EU Empire.